How To Choose a Water Treatment System for Wells

People buy water filtration systems for their homes in an attempt to make drinking water cleaner and safer, given that the municipality’s water supply is not the cleanest. There are also homes that don’t rely on the municipality to provide them with drinking water because they have a well as a water source. The question is whether or not the well water also requires a filtration system or if it’s not contaminated with all the pollutants found in tap water. For peace of mind, it’s advisable to install a filter on the well in order to prevent impurities from reaching into your glass of water. Choosing a water treatment system for wells implies a lot of attention and documentation so that you can be certain you have chosen the top product.

Possible contaminants found in ground water

What you first need to do is determine the contaminants that lurk in your well water. Although it hasn’t been treated with chlorine like municipality’s water and it comes from a natural source, it does contain some dangerous substances that could endanger your health. You can take a sample to a local laboratory and ask them to test the quality of the water and discover which are the pollutants you need to combat. You can also buy water test strips that you can use to test the water yourself and discover the level of impurities in the water you drink.
Ground water can be contaminated with several bacteria that can cause severe diarrhea, cramps, fever, and vomiting. The most common and dangerous is E.Coli, followed by salmonella and campylobacter. You can also find viruses that can cause hepatitis A or a disease called Rotavirus. Giardia is also commonly found in well water because no disinfectant has been used to sanitize it. There are also more dangerous chemicals that can affect your nervous system and the development of your immune system. Arsenic, mercury, lead, copper, and radium are among the most health-threatening metals usually found in well water. Nitrates are another serious matter that involves children in particular because they can damage the brain and the circulatory system.

Features of the best well water filters

After learning which are the potential contaminants you might deal with, it's mandatory to look for a water filtration system that can target and remove them. Before buying a certain model, you must read its specifications and see which are the impurities the media can retain. Well water filters are usually made of several filter tanks that ensure different filtration stages. Each stage targets a certain type of pollutants of different sizes so that not even the smallest particle can escape through the media cartridge.

    • Multiple filters

Look for well water filters that include a prefilter and a post filter. The pre-filter's job is to retain large particles before they reach the next filtration stage so that the more pretentious type of media will not be damaged by the large impurities like rust, dust, or sand. The post filter closes the filtering stages by ensuring even the last trace of contaminant has been erased.

    • Extended lifespan

In order to enjoy maximum efficiency for a long time, the filtration system you pick must have a large flow rate and an extended filter lifespan. Reputable models can handle up to 1,000,000 gallons of water at a maximum flow rate of up to 13 gallons per minute. This means that the water pressure will not be affected by the installation of the water filter.

    • Minerals removal

A good filter should also include a water softener that reduces the amounts of minerals found in ground water. Since it comes from the ground, the water collects several minerals that make it hard and can even alter its taste and odor. The softener's purpose is to remove minerals that cause hard water and that eventually would pile up inside the pipes and ruin them.

    • Sterilization

If you want a complete filtration of your well water, a UV light is the last feature your treatment system must include. This ensures the sterilization of the water by killing bacteria and viruses that threaten your health. The light is available in all the major filters designed to perform a thorough cleaning of the ground water.